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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines



  1. Cover Letter
    1. Title
    2. Explanation of any conflict of interest
    3. Signed by corresponding author


  1. Signed authorship statement from all authors (Refer format)
  2. Title page
    1. Title of article

The title should be as clear as possible that could represent the paper

  1. Abstract

The abstract should be concise (maximum of 300 words excluding characters). This should stand-alone and should not be part of the document.

  • Background: What issues led to this work? What is the environment that makes this work interesting or important?
  • Objective/ Aim
  • Methods: how the study was done (setting, sources of data, collection, analysis etc.)
  • Results: What were the main findings of the study with appropriate illustrations
  • Discussion: Interpretation of the findings. What does the results mean vis-à-vis available evidences and once own experiences …
  • Conclusions: What would authors say about the study in its totality – and what do you send as a message to different stakeholders addressing on why are the results important?
  • Keywords: wordsor phrases that you feel capture the most important aspects of your paper
  1. Introduction
    • Indicate the field of the work, why this field is important, and what has already been done
    • Indicate a gap, raise a research question, or challenge from previous work in this territory
    • Outline the purpose and announce the present research, clearly indicating what is novel and why it is significant
    • Avoid repeating the abstract; providing unnecessary background information; exaggerating the importance of work.
  2. Methods
    • Describe how the results were generated with sufficient detail so that an independent researcher (working in the same field) could reproduce the results sufficiently to allow validation of the conclusions.
    • Has the chosen method been justified?
    • Are data analysis and statistical approaches justified, with assumptions and biases considered?
    • Avoid including results in the method section; including extraneous details (unnecessary to enable reproducibility or judge validity); treating the method as a chronological history of what happened; unneeded references to commercial products; references to “proprietary” products or processes unavailable to the reader.


  1. Results
    • Present the results of the paper, in logical order starting with characterizing study participants
    • Cross check if objectives of the study are all addressed
    • , Consider use of tables, graphs and illustrations as necessary


  1. Discussion
    • Chose key results that you want to discuss - explain by way of shading light on what the result means
    • What does the result mean in view of existing evidences
    • Summarize if the results were expected or not and why?
    • Avoid discussing results that were not presented in result section


  1. Conclusions
    • Provide a very brief summary of Results and Discussion
    • Emphasize the implications of the findings, explaining how the work is significant and providing the key message(s) the author wishes to convey
    • Provide the most general claims that can be supported by the evidence
    • Provide suggested future perspective on the work (recommendations)
    • Avoid: repeating the abstract; repeating background information from the introduction; introducing new evidence or new arguments not found in the Results and Discussion; failing to address all of the research questions set out in the Introduction.
  2. References:
    • Include contemporary citations that provide sufficient context to allow for critical analysis of this work by others.
    • Include citations that give the reader sources of background and related material so that the current work can be understood by the target audience
    • Include citations that acknowledge and give credit to sources relied upon for this work
    • Use Vancouver referencing style.
  3. Figures and Tables
    • Ensure that the figures accurately and carefully document the data and their context.
    • Provide appropriate titles that best describe the content
    • Figures and Tables should appear in the last page of the document.
    • Total number of combined Tables and Figures should not exceed five.



General Formatting

  • The document should be prepared in the order of sections described above.
  • Authors name and affiliations should be strictly uploaded in different word file.
  • Font size should be 12 in Times New Roman
  • Space between lines should be double.
  • Manuscripts of original research works exceeding 2500 words excluding the title page, acknowledgment, tables and illustrations are not acceptable.
  • The absolute word limit is 3500 words.

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